Dachau Concentration Camp (KZ-Gedenkstätte Dachau) (2006)
Dachau concentration camp (German: Konzentrationslager (KZ) Dachau), was the first of the Nazi concentration camps opened in 1933, intended to hold political prisoners. It is located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory northeast of the medieval town of Dachau, about 16 km (10 mi) northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, in southern Germany. The entrance gate used by prisoners carries the phrase "Arbeit macht frei" (lit. "Work makes free", or "Work makes [one] free").